1-20 von 147 Publikationen

    • Zeitschriftenartikel

      Perception of the International Women’s Day Celebration in Cameroon: The Case of Biyem-Assi neighborhood, Yaoundé 

      Abia, Wilfred A.; Nchanji, Eileen Bogweh; Asongwed, Corine Ufei; Abia, Eucharia A.; Anam, Jeom A. A.; Longsi, Vanessa T.; Bahche, David B.; Umaru, Aminatu N.; Asumpta, Wanda N.; Funfe, Yvette N.; et al.
      Teneng, Alvin T.Bati, Albertine M.J.Nfor, Neris M.Taju, Deckler Nyarei
      INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GENDER & WOMEN'S STUDIES 2016; 4(2) p.44-52
      The International Women’s Day Celebration started as a socialist political movement, which fought for women’s right to vote and better working conditions. Over the years this movement has fought for education, health, poverty, political integration, violence, armed conflict and the aspirations of the girl child. In Cameroon presently, the perception of women about the International Women’s Day Celebrations is not fully appraised. A survey was carried out for a week in Biyem-Assi neighborhood after the International Women’s Day Celebration (IWDC). The aim of this study was to generate knowledge on a gendered perception of the International Women’s day celebration and the practices attached to it. The survey revealed that 50% of women were perceived to celebrate this day for no reason, as most of them did not know the theme for the day. Also, 88.9% of women indulged in a lot of alcohol with most drunk and other malpractices. The findings speculate that the IWDC is about to lose its political flavour if no action is taken. Women and men both accepted that there was a need for women to be educated more on the importance and relevance of the International Women’s day and its celebrations.
      Dokument ansehen Zusammenfassung
    • Zeitschriftenartikel

      Non-Verbal Communication 

      Surkamp, Carola
      Scenario 2014; 8(2)
      Even though non-verbal communication is an essential part of communicative situations, it still is a neglected issue in foreign language teaching. This is quite surprising as no language learner can achieve communicative competence without having some knowledge of non-verbal phenomena, which make communication authentic and serve numerous functions needed for communicative success.Teaching a combination of verbal and non-verbal aspects of communication has positive effects on the language learning process in general and on the students’ willingness to communicate in particular. Furthermore, it is important for language learners to become aware of the role non-verbal communication plays in intercultural encounters. Additionally, the knowledge and awareness of the functions of non-verbal communication also help to develop literary competence since non-verbal phenomena contribute to a text’s meaning and its effect on the reader in both drama and prose.The objectives of this paper are to outline the nature and functions of non-verbal communication, to show why integrating non-verbal phenomena into different areas of FLT can be highly valuable, and to present drama activities that help sensitise students to non-verbal aspects of communication in various contexts.
      Dokument ansehen Zusammenfassung
    • Zeitschriftenartikel

      El interés chileno por aprender y conservar el idioma mapudungun en ChileEl interés chileno por aprender y conservar el idioma mapudungun en Chile 

      Pfefferle, Jana
      Onomázein Revista de lingüística, filología y traducción(32) p.305-314
      El idioma indígena del pueblo mapuche en Chile, el mapudungun, está en peligro de extinción a causa de que su uso ha sido y es discriminado en la sociedad. Como medida para conservar el idioma, el gobierno chileno ha implementado programas para enseñar el mapudungun en algunos colegios con una alta tasa de niños mapuches. Pero las medidas tomadas no alcanzan para realmente conservar el idioma ni dan acceso a todos los chilenos con raíces indígenas a una educación bilingüe. El objetivo de este estudio fue la investigación del apoyo de la sociedad chilena para una educación bilingüe para todos los chilenos y para la conservación del idioma mapudungun. La opinión chilena fue investigada a través de una encuesta en línea, en la que se muestra la tendencia, por lo menos de algunos sectores de la sociedad, a apoyar la conservación y el aprendizaje del mapudungun en colegios chilenos, no solo por parte de niños y niñas mapuches, sino también por parte del resto.
      Dokument ansehen Zusammenfassung
    • Zeitschriftenartikel

      Religion publique et médiation religieuse chez les musulmans mauriciens 

      Eisenlohr, Patrick
      Social Compass 2014; 61(1) p.48-56
      The uses of sound reproduction among Mauritian Muslims illustrate the links between public religion and religious mediation. These two dimensions of religion rely on material objects and media technologies, coalescing in what are frequently the same media practices. In this essay I investigate the ambiguous relationships between these two mediated forms of religion, tracing their mutually supporting and conflictual relationships. Their articulations also provide insights into questions of religious authority and authenticity that are prominent in a diasporic location such as Mauritius, as well as into the constitution of the boundary between religion and non-religion through media practices.
      Dokument ansehen Zusammenfassung
    • Zeitschriftenartikel

      La religion dans le roman feuilleton allemand 

      Daiber, Karl-Fritz
      Social Compass 1987; 34(1) p.109-129
      Dokument ansehen Zusammenfassung
    • Zeitschriftenartikel

      Meaning More than They Say: The Conflict between Yhwh and Jonah* 

      Barrett, Rob
      Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 2012; 37(2) p.237-257
      Interpretations of the book of Jonah regularly focus on the prophet's explanation of his flight in 4.2 and Yhwh's explanation of the qiqayon in 4.10–11 to illuminate the main characters' conflict. However, neither speech is particularly explanatory. Additionally, closer examination of Jonah's words is suggested by his ironic and self-implicating speech elsewhere in the book. Yhwh's logic relating the qiqayon to Nineveh is also far from transparent. The reader is left to work out the nature of their conflict. In this article it is argued that the book focuses less on Yhwh's relationship with Nineveh than on pressing Jonah to recognize Yhwh's compassion for him, and that he is the only one in the entire world of the book that is unresponsive to Yhwh.
      Dokument ansehen Zusammenfassung
    • Zeitschriftenartikel

      Decadence and indifferentiation in the ideology of the Front National 

      Almeida, Dimitri
      French Cultural Studies 2014; 25(2) p.221-232
      Decadence, moral decay and national disintegration are obsessively recurrent themes in the narratives of the French radical right. This article explores the topos of decadence in the Front National’s ideology through a content analysis of speeches and campaign material ranging from the 1980s until 2012. Beginning with an interpretation of decadence based on René Girard’s discussion of persecution-legitimising texts, the article argues that the Front National’s discourse on decadence revolves around the idea of a crisis of differences and an acceleration of exchanges presented as unnatural. This point is developed in relation to the role of sexuality in the party’s profile and to the logics of historical development and political agency inherent to the Front National’s understanding of decadence. Decadence, I argue, is indissociable from indifferentiation – the fear of seeing the disappearance of differences conceived as fundamental for the preservation of national order.
      Dokument ansehen Zusammenfassung
    • Zeitschriftenartikel

      Archives and history: Towards a history of ‘the use of state archives’ in the 19th century 

      Müller, Philipp
      History of the Human Sciences 2013; 26(4) p.27-49
      This article probes the relationship between archives and history by examining the archive policy on historical research in the first modern administration state of the German lands, the kingdom of Bavaria. Given the continuing tradition of the theory and practice of the arcana imperii in the 19th century, state archives served first and foremost the state. As a result, researchers’ interest in archival material was to undergo an administrative vetting procedure, in order to safeguard the interests of the state. By examining comparatively the cases of two petitioners supplicating for the historical use of state archives in Munich, the article showcases the policy of secrecy and the resultant administrative threshold separating the sphere of the arcana from the public. Caution guided the archive politics of state officials and, ultimately, their more or less explicit notions and concerns decided which material was finally to be released, in order to become a ‘source’ for historical study. Historical researchers such as the writer Ales- sandro Volpi and the historian August Kluckhohn were thus required to meet specific criteria and to overcome political hurdles, in order to gain access to the desired clues guarded by the state. As a result of this, the opportunity to inspect archival material was very much dependent on the political communication between petitioner and govern- ment, and its result, the granting or denial of access, was not without ramifications for historical research and the epistemic status of historical knowledge.
      Dokument ansehen Zusammenfassung
    • Zeitschriftenartikel

      Local History of a Global Commodity: Production of Coffee in Mysore and Coorg in the Nineteenth Century 

      Bhattacharya, Bhaswati
      Indian Historical Review 2014; 41(1) p.67-86
      When was large scale production of coffee in India, and what role did global capital play in the process? How did indigenous capital respond to the plantation sector? Taking a petition submitted by some European coffee planters of the Mysore Planters’ Association in December 1864 as a point of departure this article attempts at answering these questions by analysing the initial phase of the coffee industry in Mysore and Coorg in Karnataka. The petitioners claimed that the tax they paid on coffee was much higher than coffee planters elsewhere in India had to pay. The authorities concerned sought experts’ opinion on the petition, and came to the conclusion that the claims made in the petition were baseless. By comparing the role of the European and Indian enterprise in the coffee industry, the article contributes to the ongoing discourses on dual economy and the response of indigenous in the face of Western capital.
      Dokument ansehen Zusammenfassung
    • Zeitschriftenartikel

      Kinship Networks, Local Government, and Elections in a Town in Southwest Germany, 1800-1850 

      Lipp, Carola
      Journal of Family History 2005; 30(4) p.347-365
      Dokument ansehen Zusammenfassung
    • Zeitschriftenartikel

      Que devient l'Église Évangélique d'Allemagne? 

      Daiber, Karl Fritz
      Social Compass 1985; 32(2-3) p.229-232
      In West Germany, more than 1.5 million people say that they have left the Evangelical Church over the past 10 years. What is happening with this Church ? Are we witnessing the beginning of a collapse? Or is this more now slowing down? First of all we must look at the facts against the back-ground of the German Aufklärung. We will then see that whereas church membership is pitched at a high level, church tradition attaches greater importance to the demands of a life oriented by Christian morals than to attending services. But this move away from the Church must also be linked to a process at work in many other organizations: members who can no longer identify with the organization distance themselves from it. Where work within the Church is concerned, this implies that greater importance be attached to dialogue between the grass roots and those at the top.
      Dokument ansehen Zusammenfassung
    • Zeitschriftenartikel

      Media, activism and the new political: ‘Istanbul conversations’ on new media and left politics 

      Punathambekar, Aswin; Roy, Srirupa; Sabry, Tarik; Haugbolle, Sune
      Media, Culture & Society 2014; 36(7) p.1045-1056
      Dokument ansehen
    • Zeitschriftenartikel

      Objectivity and the Escape from Perspective 

      Daston, Lorraine
      Social Studies of Science 1992; 22(4) p.597-618
      Dokument ansehen
    • Zeitschriftenartikel

      Accent in Thematic Nouns 

      Keydana, Götz
      Indo-European Linguistics 2013; 1(1) p.107-130
      In this paper I show that the columnar accent of the o-stems can be integrated into a simple accent grammar of PIE. After establishing the general pattern I demonstrate how the accented and unaccented thematic suffixes fit into the picture. The grammatical sketch leads to the conclusion that it is unnecessary to assume any break between a more ancient PIE stratum with consonant stems and a more recent one with vocalic stems, each with its own accent and ablaut patterns. In the second part a morphological network for deriving the accent patterns of internal derivation in o-stems is developed. In a short outlook I show that the simple mechanism of accent inversion developed here also accounts for internal derivation in consonant stems and for accent shifts in compounds.
      Dokument ansehen Zusammenfassung
    • Zeitschriftenartikel

      The Ebstorf Map: tradition and contents of a medieval picture of the world 

      Pischke, G.
      History of Geo- and Space Sciences 2014; 5(2) p.155-161
      The Ebstorf Map (Wilke, 2001; Kugler, 2007;Wolf, 2004, 2006, 2007, 2009a, b), the largest medieval map of the world whose original has been lost, is not only a geographical map. In the Middle Ages, a map contained mystic, historical and religious motifs. Of central importance is Jesus Christ, who, in the Ebstorf Map, is part of the earth. The Ebstorf Map contains the knowledge of the time of its creation; it can be used for example as an atlas, as a chronicle of the world, or as an illustrated Bible.
      Dokument ansehen Zusammenfassung
    • Zeitschriftenartikel

      Desintegration und Interpretation: Weil-V2-Sätze an der Schnittstelle zwischen Syntax, Semantik und Pragmatik 

      Antomo, Mailin; Steinbach, Markus
      Zeitschrift für Sprachwissenschaft 2010; 29(1) p.1-37
      In spoken varieties of German, causal adverbial clauses introduced by weil are frequently used with V2 order. Interestingly, weil-V2 clauses are not simply a colloquial variant of standard verb-final clauses, but have also many specific syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic properties. On the one hand, weil-V2 clauses differ systematically from their verb-final counterparts. While V2 clauses yield causal interpretations not available for the corresponding verb-final clauses, verb-final clauses show a higher degree of syntactic integration and syntactic flexibility than V2 clauses. On the other hand, weil-V2 clauses share crucial formal and functional properties with other kinds of embedded V2 clauses such as V2-complement clauses and V2-relative clauses. Weil-V2 clauses can therefore be subsumed under the notion of ‘embedded root phenomena’. In this paper, we develop an analysis that derives all syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic properties of weil-V2 clauses at the interfaces between syntax, semantics, and pragmatics from their paratactic syntactic structure and the assertional force potential triggered by V-to-C movement. The results of a questionnaire study provide independent empirical evidence for our analysis.
      Dokument ansehen Zusammenfassung
    • Zeitschriftenartikel

      Ambiguities in sign languages 

      Quer, Josep; Steinbach, Markus
      The Linguistic Review 2015-02-01; 32(1) p.143-165
      Natural languages come in two different modalities – the aural-auditory modality of spoken languages and the visual-gestural modality of sign languages. The impact of modality on the grammatical system has been discussed at great length in the last 20 years. By contrast, the impact of modality on semantics in general and on ambiguities in particular has not yet been addressed in detail. In this paper, we deal with different types of ambiguities in sign languages. We discuss typical lexical and structural ambiguities as well as modality-specific aspects such as ambiguities in the use of the signing space and non-manual markers. In addition, we address the questions how sign languages avoid ambiguities and to what extent certain kinds of ambiguities and non-ambiguities depend on the visual-manual modality of sign languages. Since gestures use the same articulatory channel that is also active in the production of signs, we also discuss ambiguities between gestures on the one hand and grammaticalized gestures and signs on the other.
      Dokument ansehen Zusammenfassung
    • Monografie

      Musiker und ihr vokales Repertoire 

      Shehata, Dahlia
      Universitätsverlag Göttingen: Göttingen, 2009
      Musik ist ein wesentlicher Bestandteil geistig-kulturellen Erbes moderner wie antiker Hochkulturen. Die Musik Mesopotamiens und benachbarter Gebiete ist gerade im letzten Jahrzehnt immer mehr in den Fokus wissenschaftlichen Interesses gerückt worden. Es faszinieren in gleicher Weise klanglich-schöpferische Spezifika wie auch inhaltlich-funktionale und strukturelle Hintergründe zur Ausführung von Musik. Die Tätigkeitsfelder von Musikern, ihr Einflussbereich an Tempel oder Palast aber auch ihr öffentliches Ansehen sind in Hunderten von Briefen, Urkunden sowie literarischen Texten dokumentiert. Zudem ist uns auch der Wortlaut von Liedern und Gesängen erhalten geblieben, die professionelle Sänger zu unterschiedlichen Anlässen zu Gehör brachten. Zum Genuss ihrer hoch spezialisierten Vortragskunst kamen vor allem Götter und Könige, deren Wohlwollen sie mit ihrem süßen Gesang zu sichern wussten. Die vorliegende Studie setzt den Schwerpunkt in ebendiesem Bereich an, wobei der zeitliche und geographische Rahmen durch das Babylonien des 19. bis 16. Jahrhunderts v.Chr., der altbabylonischen Zeit gebildet wird. Die überwiegend aus schriftlichen Quellen gewonnenen Daten zeichnen ein genaues Bild von der institutionellen wie auch privaten Organisation von Musik. Auch wenn die originalen Musikklänge der Babylonier für immer verklungen sind, so werden doch bedeutende Details zur vokalen Aufführungspraxis bekannt, die eine Annäherung an den Ursprung möglich machen. Die Reihe “Göttinger Beiträge zun Alten Orient” setzt die erfolgreichen “Göttinger Arbeitshefte zur Altorientalischen Literatur” fort. Die Reihe wird vom Seminar für Altorientalistik der Georg-August-Universität Göttingen herausgegeben und behandelt die Erschließung und Deutung der reichhaltigen Schriftdenkmäler in akkadischer oder sumerischer Sprache aus der Zeit von ca. 3100 - 500 v. Chr.
      Dokument ansehen Zusammenfassung
    • Sammelband

      (De)formierte Körper 2 : die Wahrnehmung und das Andere im Mittelalter 

      Antunes, Gabriela; Reich, Björn; Stange, Carmen
      Universitätsverlag Göttingen, 2014
      In der Kultur des Mittelalters nehmen Körper in ihrer äußeren Zeichenhaftigkeit eine zentrale Stellung ein. Dies gilt insbesondere für deformierte Körper, die aufgrund ihrer auffälligen Andersartigkeit immer wieder Thema wahrnehmungstheoretischer Diskurse werden. Das zeigt sich in zweierlei Hinsicht: Zum einen wird bereits in zeitgenössischen Quellen diskutiert, wie die körperlichen Besonderheiten den inneren Imaginationsapparat der Betrachter stimulieren, zum anderen zeichnen sich körperlich Deformierte zumindest in Kunst und Literatur auffallend häufi g durch gesteigerte Wahrnehmungsfähigkeiten aus. Die körperliche Deformation markiert dabei Grenzüberschreitungen. Sie weist über die Dinge hinaus auf ‚das Andere‘ – gleich ob es sich dabei um ein kulturell Anderes handelt, oder um das ‚Andere‘ der Diesseitigkeit: das Transzendente und Göttliche. Obgleich man für das Hoch- und Spätmittelalter kein einheitliches Körperkonzept annehmen kann, ist auffällig, an wie vielen Schnittpunkten der deformierte Körper ins Zentrum der Wahrnehmung rückt. Diese Vielfalt spiegelt sich auch in den Perspektiven verschiedener Fachdisziplinen, wie z. B. Kunst- und Literaturwissenschaft, Medizingeschichte, Dis/ability Studies oder Theologie in diesem Band, die den Besonderheiten des deformierten Körpers in seinem Verhältnis zur Epistemologie und eben zum ‚Anderen‘ gezielt nachspüren.
      Dokument ansehen Zusammenfassung
    • Sammelband

      Kommunikation und Kulturtransfer im Zeitalter der Personalunion zwischen Großbritannien und Hannover 

      Reitemeier, Arnd
      Universitätsverlag Göttingen, 2014
      Mit der Krönung von Georg Ludwig, Kurfürst von Braunschweig-Lüneburg (Hannover), zum englischen König Georg I. am 31. Oktober 1714 verschoben sich die politischen Kräfteverhältnisse in Europa. Die Personalunion hatte weitreichende Folgen für den Kontinent und den transatlantischen Raum, doch wichtiger noch waren die nun intensiv gegebenen Möglichkeiten eines Kulturtransfers zwischen Großbritannien und dem Kurfürstentum Hannover. Diese vielfältigen kulturellen, sozialen, wissenschaftlichen und ökonomischen Verflechtungen stehen im Zentrum der Beiträge, die immer wieder auf die besondere Bedeutung der Universität Göttingen hinweisen, von der wichtige Impulse für die Personalunion und ihre Kommunikationsnetzwerke ausgingen. Zugleich verdeutlichen die Aufsätze, dass sowohl Großbritannien als auch das Kurfürstentum Hannover aus heterogenen Landesteilen bestanden und dass stets der Kontext des sich wandelnden Europas des 18. Jahrhunderts gesehen werden muss. Der Sammelband beruht auf den Vorträgen, die im Rahmen der Ringvorlesung des Wintersemesters 2013–2014 an der Universität Göttingen gehalten wurden.
      Dokument ansehen Zusammenfassung