Zuletzt publiziert

  • Zeitschriftenartikel

    Dendrochronologically dated pine stumps document phase-wise bog expansion at a northwest German site between ca. 6700 and ca. 3400 BC 

    Achterberg, Inke Elisabeth Maike; Eckstein, Jan; Birkholz, Bernhard; Bauerochse, Andreas; Leuschner, Hanns Hubert
    Climate of the Past 2018; 14(1) p.85-100
    The investigated northwest German mire site at "Totes Moor" is densely covered with subfossil pine stumps (Pinus sylvestris L.) from the fen–bog transition. This facilitates the spatio-temporal reconstruction of mire development, which is based on 212 in situ tree stumps in the case study presented here. Six dendrochronologically dated site chronologies together cover 2345 years between 6703 and 3403 BC. The gaps in between are 6 to 550 years long. Additionally, a floating chronology of 309 years, containing 30 trees, was radiocarbon-dated to the beginning of the 7th millennium cal BC. Peat-stratigraphical survey was carried out additionally, and elevations a.s.l. were determined at several locations. Tree dying-off phases, which indicate water level rise at the site, mostly in context of the local fen–bog transition, are evident for ca. 6600–6450, ca. 6350–5750, ca. 5300–4900, ca. 4700–4550, ca. 3900–3850, ca. 3700–3600, ca. 3500–3450 and ca. 3400 BC. The spatial distribution of the dated in situ trees illustrates the phase-wise expansion of raised bog over fen peat at the site. The documented bog expansion pulses likely correspond to climatic wet sifts.
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  • Zeitschriftenartikel

    An der Schwelle zur Transformation: „alte“ und „neue“ Lizenzmodelle im Überblick 

    Hillenkötter, Kristine
    Bibliothek Forschung und Praxis 2018; 42(1) p.42-56
    Due to the global initiative for the transition of academic research publishing to open access, licensing of electronic resources is undergoing major changes. This turning point is taken as an occasion to explore the fundamental conditions of licensing in Germany as well as the underlying parameters for developing new licensing models, and to provide an analysis of both long-established and recently created licensing models. Eventually, the opportunities and limitations of the conventional ways of modelling are discussed on the basis of the newest model, the ‘open access transition agreement’.
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  • Zeitschriftenartikel

    Survey on open peer review: Attitudes and experience amongst editors, authors and reviewers 

    Ross-Hellauer, Tony; Deppe, Arvid; Schmidt, Birgit
    PLOS ONE 2017; 12(12): Art. e0189311
    Open peer review (OPR) is a cornerstone of the emergent Open Science agenda. Yet to date no large-scale survey of attitudes towards OPR amongst academic editors, authors, reviewers and publishers has been undertaken. This paper presents the findings of an online survey, conducted for the OpenAIRE2020 project during September and October 2016, that sought to bridge this information gap in order to aid the development of appropriate OPR approaches by providing evidence about attitudes towards and levels of experience with OPR. The results of this cross-disciplinary survey, which received 3,062 full responses, show the majority (60.3%) of respondents to be believe that OPR as a general concept should be mainstream scholarly practice (although attitudes to individual traits varied, and open identities peer review was not generally favoured). Respondents were also in favour of other areas of Open Science, like Open Access (88.2%) and Open Data (80.3%). Among respondents we observed high levels of experience with OPR, with three out of four (76.2%) reporting having taken part in an OPR process as author, reviewer or editor. There were also high levels of support for most of the traits of OPR, particularly open interaction, open reports and final-version commenting. Respondents were against opening reviewer identities to authors, however, with more than half believing it would make peer review worse. Overall satisfaction with the peer review system used by scholarly journals seems to strongly vary across disciplines. Taken together, these findings are very encouraging for OPR's prospects for moving mainstream but indicate that due care must be taken to avoid a "one-size fits all" solution and to tailor such systems to differing (especially disciplinary) contexts. OPR is an evolving phenomenon and hence future studies are to be encouraged, especially to further explore differences between disciplines and monitor the evolution of attitudes.
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  • Zeitschriftenartikel

    Kompetenzzentrum für Lizenzierung im FID-Kontext: Es geht weiter! 

    Hillenkötter, Kristine; Behrens, Kathrin; Glaab-Kühn, Friederike; Schäffler, Hildegard
    Zeitschrift für Bibliothekswesen und Bibliographie 2017; 64(5) p.249-260
    Das inzwischen etablierte Kompetenzzentrum für Lizenzierung im FID-Kontext (KfL) wird von der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) für drei weitere Jahre gefördert, um seine Serviceangebote, die Betriebsorganisation und die technische Infrastruktur weiter zu entwickeln und zu optimieren. Zur Wahrnehmung seiner Aufgaben hat sich das KfL ab 2017 neu aufgestellt und verteilt sich nun auf drei miteinander kooperierende Standorte an der Niedersächsischen Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Göttingen, der Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin und der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek in München, technisch unterstützt durch die Verbundzentrale des GBV in Göttingen. Zentrale Arbeitsbereiche für das KfL sind die Felder »Verhandlung«, »Modellbildung« und »Erschließung«. Diese drei Schlüsselthemen sollen im Folgenden herausgegriffen und genauer beleuchtet werden, umrahmt von einer Gesamtverortung des Projekts und einem Blick in die Zukunft.
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  • Sammelbandbeitrag

    Tuotilo 

    Schaab, Rupert
    Verlag am Klosterhof: St. Gallen, 2017
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  • Sammelbandbeitrag

    New Toolkits on the Block: Peer Review Alternatives in Scholarly Communication 

    Schmidt, Birgit; Görögh, Edit
    IOS Press, 2017
    Peer review continues to play a central role in scholarly communication processes, however, over the last decade the concept has branched out in terms of methods, platforms and stakeholders involved. The paper demonstrates how alternative peer review tools and methods are instrumental in further shaping the communication of scholarly results towards Open Science. The analysis is based on the examination of various review methods (peer commentary, post-publication peer review, decoupled review, portable or cascading review) and review tools and services (publishing platforms, repository-based, and independent reviews). Besides the differences in operation and functionality, these new workflows and services combine common features of network-based solutions and collaborative research applications with varying degrees of openness (e.g. regarding participation, identities and/or reports). They, therefore, represent good examples of Open Science, in terms of transparency and networking among researchers.
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  • Sammelbandbeitrag

    From collecting to connecting – the role of libraries in Open Access 

    Horstmann, Wolfram
    de Gruyter, 2017
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  • Zeitschriftenartikel

    Der Wandel der Informationspraxis in Forschung und Bibliothek 

    Horstmann, Wolfram; Jahn, Najko; Schmidt, Birgit
    Zeitschrift für Bibliothekswesen und Bibliographie 2015; 62(2) p.073-079
    Während Informationspraxis in Forschung und Bibliothek früher vom Umgang mit Literatur dominiert war, kommen heute viele neue Werkzeuge zum Einsatz. Office-Produkte, Datenbanken und Online-Plattformen verändern den Alltag in Forschung und Bibliothek und definieren zum Teil völlig neue Felder wissenschaftlicher Informationspraxis, z. B. im Kontext der Bibliometrie, virtueller Forschungsumgebungen oder Forschungsdaten. Der vorliegende Beitrag vergleicht die aktuelle Informationspraxis in der Forschung mit den Schulungsangeboten von Bibliotheken und weist nach, dass sich Forschung und Bibliothek zum Teil voneinander entkoppelt haben und ein zusammenhängendes Angebot zur Vermittlung wissenschaftlicher Informationspraxis am Campus in Gefahr ist. Um ein solches Angebot aufzubauen, wird vorgeschlagen, dass Bibliotheken sich mit Rechenzentren und Fakultäten zusammentun und die Bibliothek als Lernraum und zentralen Ort des wissenschaftlichen Informationsmanagements weiter etablieren. Dabei sollten neue Wege zum Aufbau von Expertise in der Informationspraxis von Bibliotheken beschritten werden, etwa die direkte Beteiligung an wissenschaftlichen Projekten, die Unterstützung von Eigeninitiative des Personals oder gezielte Rekrutierungsstrategien sowie der koordinierte Austausch zwischen Bibliotheken durch Experten und Materialien zu Spezialthemen. --- While information management in research and libraries used to be dominated by the handling of literature, nowadays many new tools are available. The advent of office products, databases and online platforms have not only radically changed the day-to-day work in research and libraries, but in some cases introduced entirely new fields of academic information practice: in the con-texts of bibliometrics, virtual research environments or research data, for example. This article compares current research infor-mation practice with library training courses. It argues that the two have become divergent and that the provision of a coherent range of on-campus academic information practice services has come under threat. Two proposals are made to counteract such trends: firstly, that libraries collaborate with computing centres and academic faculties to establish services that foster infor-mation practices and secondly that libraries continue to estab-lish themselves as centres of learning and research information management. New methods in the teaching of information skills need to be explored, such as direct involvement in academic projects, supporting staff initiatives and targeted recruiting strat-egies, and the coordinated sharing of expertise and materials between libraries.
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  • Zeitschriftenartikel

    Research Data Services in European Academic Research Libraries 

    Tenopir, Carol; Talja, Sanna; Horstmann, Wolfram; Late, Elina; Hughes, Dane; Pollock, Danielle; Schmidt, Birgit; Baird, Lynn; Sandusky, Robert J.; Allard, Suzie
    LIBER Quarterly 2017; 27(1) p.23-44
    Research data is an essential part of the scholarly record, and management of research data is increasingly seen as an important role for academic libraries. This article presents the results of a survey of directors of the Association of European Research Libraries (LIBER) academic member libraries to discover what types of research data services (RDS) are being offered by European academic research libraries and what services are planned for the future. Overall, the survey found that library directors strongly agree on the importance of RDS. As was found in earlier studies of academic libraries in North America, more European libraries are currently offering or are planning to offer consultative or reference RDS than technical or hands-on RDS. The majority of libraries provide support for training in skills related to RDS for their staff members. Almost all libraries collaborate with other organizations inside their institutions or with outside institutions in order to offer or develop policy related to RDS. We discuss the implications of the current state of RDS in European academic research libraries, and offer directions for future research.
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  • Zeitschriftenartikel

    Das Kompetenzzentrum für die Lizenzierung elektronischer Ressourcen im DFG-geförderten System der „Fachinformationsdienste für die Wissenschaft“ (FID): Betriebsorganisation, Verhandlung und Bereitstellung von FID-Lizenzen – ein Statusbericht 

    Hillenkötter, Kristine; Huber, Maria; Stanek,Ursula; Steilen, Gerald
    Bibliothek Forschung und Praxis 2016; 40(1) p.33-49
    Seit 2014 fördert die Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) den Aufbau eines Kompetenzzentrums für die Lizenzierung elektronischer Ressourcen im DFG-geförderten System der „Fachinformationsdienste für die Wissenschaft“ (FID). Am Aufbau beteiligt sind die Niedersächsische Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek in Göttingen (SUB Göttingen), die Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin (SBB) und die Verbundzentrale des Gemeinsamen Bibliotheksverbundes (VZG). Der Betrieb des Kompetenzzentrums erfolgt parallel an den Standorten Göttingen und Berlin. Die zunächst für den Zeitraum 2014–2016 terminierten Projektaktivitäten werden von der SUB Göttingen koordiniert. Das Kompetenzzentrum für Lizenzierung agiert bundesweit als Serviceprovider, um die Fachinformationsdienste (FID) bei der Wahrnehmung ihrer Aufgaben zu unterstützen. Neben der Verhandlung, Lizenzierung und überregionalen Bereitstellung digitaler Medien bietet es die Entwicklung geeigneter Lizenz- und Geschäftsmodelle sowie Dienstleistungen zum Management der mit den Lizenzen erworbenen Daten und zum Aufbau entsprechender Mehrwertdienste an. Die Angebote des Kompetenzzentrums werden bedarfsorientiert und im direkten Kontakt mit den Fachinformationsdiensten weiterentwickelt. Der vorliegende Beitrag gibt Auskunft über den aktuellen Stand der Betriebsorganisation sowie der Verhandlung und Bereitstellung von FID-Lizenzen zur Mitte der Projektlaufzeit.
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  • Zeitschriftenartikel

    ‘Being small is not a fault’: Making sense of the newer generation of German-language university presses 

    Bargheer, Margo; Pabst, Jutta
    Learned Publishing 2016; 29 p.335-341
    International discussion on university presses appears to be dominated by Anglo-American concepts and concerns, passing over many continental European presses that operate in their national contexts. In our article, we provide a case study of German-language university presses that highlights challenges and opportunities when publishing in languages other than English. A common thread across those university presses is their adoption of open access (OA) publishing. OA has become a necessity for them because the combination of publishing niche scholarship and a potential audience limited by linguistic borders serves to create market conditions that are not viable in a conventional model. Consequently, German university presses have adopted OA publishing earlier than many of their English-speaking counterparts and provide a developed example for some of the ongoing transitions highlighted elsewhere.
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  • Zeitschriftenartikel

    The Göttingen eResearch Alliance: A Case Study of Developing and Establishing Institutional Support for Research Data Management 

    Dierkes, Jens; Wuttke, Ulrike
    ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information 2016; 5(8)
    The Göttingen eResearch Alliance is presented as a case study for establishing institutional support for research data management within the context of the Göttingen Campus, a particular alliance of several research institutes at Göttingen. The cross-cutting, “horizontal” approach of the Göttingen eResearch Alliance, established by two research-oriented infrastructure providers, a research library and a computing and IT competence center, aims to coordinate Campus-led activities to establish sustainable and innovative services to support all phases of the research data life cycle. In this article, the core activities of the first phase aimed at developing a modular approach to provide support for research data management to researchers will be described. It closes with lessons learned and an outlook on future activities.
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  • Monografie

    Humanities Data Centre - Angebote und Abläufe für ein geisteswissenschaftliches Forschungsdatenzentrum 

    Aschenbrenner, Andreas; Buddenbohm, Stefan; Engelhardt, Claudia; Wuttke, Ulrike
    Humanities Data Centre: Göttingen, 2015
    Der Report ist ein offizielles Deliverable (mit Stand Mai 2015) im Rahmen der Designphase des Humanities Data Centre (HDC). In ihm wird die Angebotsgenese für ein geisteswissenschaftliches Forschungsdatenzentrum beschrieben. Welche Angebote sind notwendig, um Ergebnisse geisteswissenschaftlicher Forschung langfristig verfügbar zu halten und ihre Nachnutzung zu ermöglichen? Dazu werden zunächst einige wesentliche Merkmale digitaler geisteswissenschaftlicher Forschungsdaten skizziert. Neben konventionellen, dateibasierten Forschungsdaten – Texten, Bildern, Videos – treten zunehmend komplexe Datenstrukturen in den Vordergrund. Im Report werden die Ergebnisse der in der Designphase des Humanities Data Centre durchgeführten Testübernahmenen für drei sogenannte Forschungsdatentypen – Datenbank, digitale Edition und interaktive Datenvisualisierung – vorgestellt und die Schlussfolgerungen für das initiale Angebot des HDC diskutiert.
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  • Zeitschriftenartikel

    Arbeit 4.0 in der Benutzungsabteilung einer großen Universitätsbibliothek 

    Glitsch, Silke; Helmkamp, Kerstin
    o-bib - das offene Bibliotheksjournal 2016; 2 p.42-55
    Die Digitalisierung der Arbeitswelt erreicht seit den 2010er-Jahren eine neue Dimension. Wie ihre Folgen die Arbeit der Benutzungsabteilung der Niedersächsischen Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Göttingen prägen, erläutert der Bericht beispielhaft anhand der Einführung elektronischer Kassen an den Servicetheken und von Druck- und Kopierkonten für Privatnutzerinnen und -nutzer, der Einführung einer Dienstplansoftware, der Lernraumentwicklung der Bereichsbibliothek Medizin und der Entwicklung neuer Services für Promovierende.
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  • Zeitschriftenartikel

    Stepping up Open Science Training for European Research 

    Schmidt, Birgit; Orth, Astrid; Franck, Gwen; Kuchma, Iryna; Knoth, Petr; Carvalho, José
    Publications 2016; 4(2)
    Open science refers to all things open in research and scholarly communication: from publications and research data to code, models and methods as well as quality evaluation based on open peer review. However, getting started with implementing open science might not be as straightforward for all stakeholders. For example, what do research funders expect in terms of open access to publications and/or research data? Where and how to publish research data? How to ensure that research results are reproducible? These are all legitimate questions and, in particular, early career researchers may benefit from additional guidance and training. In this paper we review the activities of the European-funded FOSTER project which organized and supported a wide range of targeted trainings for open science, based on face-to-face events and on a growing suite of e-learning courses. This article reviews the approach and experiences gained from the first two years of the project.
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  • Monografie

    Recommendations for the Open Access Transition: Strategic and practical anchorage of Open Access in informational provisioning of research institutions 

    Bruch, Christoph Dr.; Geschuhn, Kai; Hanig, Kristina; Hillenkötter, Kristine; Pampel, Heinz; Schäffler, Hildegard Dr.; Scheiner, Annette Dr.; Scholze, Frank; Stanek, Ursula Dr.; Timm, Arnulf Dr.; et al.
    Tullney, Marco
    Ad-hoc-workgroup Open-Access-Gold in the priority initiative „Digitale Information“ of the Alliance of Science Organizations in Germany: Göttingen, 2016
    The following “Recommendations for Open Access transition” have been compiled by the Ad-hoc workgroup “Open-Access-Gold” in the priority initiative “Digital Information” of the Alliance of Science Organizations in Germany . They are based on “Positions on creating an Open Access publication market which is scholarly adequate” as mapped out by the workgroup. They mainly address academic libraries as well as publishing houses and other actors in the field of scientific publishing. The recommendations are designed to help find orientation for strategic and practical anchorage of Open Access in the information provisioning of scholarly institutions.
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  • Sammelbandbeitrag

    Stepping Up Towards Greater Alignment of Repository Networks 

    Müller, Katharina; Deppe, Arvid; Gottschling, Maxie; Rodrigues, Eloy
    IOS Press, 2016
    Over the past few years, the Confederation of Open Access Repositories (COAR) has established the initiative “Aligning Repository Networks” in order to foster global repository interoperability and align policies and practices internationally. This paper outlines several activities to align major repository networks across the globe strategically, technically and on the service level.
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  • Sammelbandbeitrag

    FOSTER’s Open Science Training Tools and Best Practices 

    Orth, Astrid; Pontika, Nancy; Ball, David
    IOS Press, 2016
    FOSTER is an EU project aiming at identifying, enriching and providing training content on relevant Open Science topics in support of implementing EC‘s Open Science Agenda in the European Research Area. During the previous two years a wealth of training resources have been collected, which are now presented in a dedicated training portal. The paper describes how to use the FOSTER training platform and the tools available to identify suitable training materials and create modular e-learning courses
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  • Zeitschriftenartikel

    Peer Review on the Move from Closed to Open 

    Schmidt, Birgit; Deppe, Arvid; Bordier, Julien; Ross-Hellauer, Tony
    Openness in peer review is no longer a terra incognita. However, there remains a need for further experimentation and careful evaluation of its advantages and disadvantages in practice. OpenAIRE, the European digital infrastructure for Open Scholarship, offers a unique environment for such experiments. This paper describes the design and early results of three such experiments, which are currently under development in close collaboration with selected publishing and repository communities.
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  • Zeitschriftenartikel

    Referencing of complex software environments as representations of research data 

    Bingert, Sven; Buddenbohm, Stefan; Kurzawe, Daniel
    Complex software environments, like virtual research environments or visualisation frameworks, are increasingly used to conduct research and present its results. While there is a growing amount for solutions facilitating the (granular) citation of publications and research data, the citation of complex software environments remains a challenge. This abstract outlines the challenges and introduces an approach for referencing software environments developed in the Humanities Data Centre project: the application preservation.
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