Items 1-10 of 545
On the path to the digital rock physics of gas hydrate-bearing sediments – processing of in situ synchrotron-tomography data
To date, very little is known about the distribution of natural gas hydrates in sedimentary matrices and its influence on the seismic properties of the host rock, in particular at low hydrate concentration. Digital rock ...
Trace elements and cathodoluminescence of quartz in stockwork veins of Mongolian porphyry-style deposits
The combination of scanning electron microscope–cathodoluminescence (CL), fluid inclusion analysis and high-resolution electron probe microanalysis of Al, Ti, K and Fe in vein quartz has yielded results permitting a greater ...
Zhamanshin astrobleme provides evidence for carbonaceous chondrite and post-impact exchange between ejecta and Earth’s atmosphere
Chemical fingerprints of impacts are usually compromised by extreme conditions in the impact plume, and the contribution of projectile matter to impactites does not often exceed a fraction of per cent. Here we use chromium ...
Metallic iron for environmental remediation: learning from the Becher process.
Metallic iron (Fe(0)) is a moderately reducing agent that has been reported to be capable of reducing many environmental contaminants. Reduction by Fe(0) used for environmental remediation is a well-known process to organic ...
Assessing the utility of trace and rare earth elements as biosignatures in microbial iron oxyhydroxides
Microbial iron oxyhydroxides are common deposits in natural waters, recent sediments, and mine drainage systems. Along with these minerals, trace and rare earth elements (TREE) are being accumulated within the mineralizing ...
Mafic Late Miocene–Quaternary volcanic rocks in the Kamchatka back arc region: implications for subduction geometry and slab history at the Pacific–Aleutian junction
New 40Ar/39Ar and published 14C ages constrain voluminous mafic volcanism of the Kamchatka back-arc to Miocene (3–6 Ma) and Late Pleistocene to Holocene (<1 Ma) times. Trace elements and isotopic compositions show ...
Shear modulus, heat capacity, viscosity and structural relaxation time of Na2O–Al2O3–SiO2 and Na2O–Fe2O3–Al2O3–SiO2 melts
The configurational heat capacity, shear modulus and shear viscosity of a series of Na2O–Fe2O3–Al2O3–SiO2 melts have been determined as a function of composition. A change in composition dependence of each of the physical ...
Structural characteristics of the halite fabric type ‘Kristallbrocken’ from the Zechstein Basin with regard to its development
The Kristallbrocken are a characteristic centimetre- to decimetre-sized, laminated halite fabric type occurring in the Stassfurt Formation in the Zechstein Basin. Up to now, the nature of the Kristallbrocken, i.e. ...
The Sensitivity of Thermohaline Groundwater Circulation to Flow and Transport Parameters: A Numerical Study Based on Double-Diffusive Convection above a Salt Dome
(Springer Netherlands, 2009)
This article explores double-diffusive convective fluid motion in an aquifer above a salt dome. Aside from the ambient regional flow regime, the hydraulic conditions in an aquifer connected with a salt formation are ...