Dimensioning metallic iron beds for efficient contaminant removal
Citable Link (URL):http://resolver.sub.uni-goettingen.de/purl?gs-1/9027
Remediation of contaminated groundwater is an expensive and lengthy process. Permeable reactive barrier of metallic iron (Fe0 PRB) is one of the leading technologies for groundwater remediation. One of the primary challenges for the Fe0 PRB technology is to appropriately size the reactive barrier (length, width, Fe0 proportion and nature of additive materials) to enable sufficient residence time for effective remediation. The size of a given Fe0 PRB depends mostly on accurate characterization of: (i) reaction mechanisms, and (ii) site-specific hydrogeologic parameters. Accordingly, the recent revision of the fundamental mechanisms of contaminant removal in Fe0/H2O systems requires the revision of the Fe0 PRB dimensioning strategy. Contaminants are basically removed by adsorption, co-precipitation and size exclusion in the entire Fe0 bed and not by chemical reduction at a moving reaction front. Principle calculations and analysis of data from all fields using water filtration on Fe0 bed demonstrated that: (i) mixing Fe0 and inert additives is a prerequisite for sustainability, (ii) used Fe0 amounts must represent 30 to 60 vol-% of the mixture, and (iii) Fe0 beds are deep-bed filtration systems. The major output of this study is that thicker barriers are needed for long service life. Fe0 filters for save drinking water production should use several filters in series to achieve the treatment goal. In all cases proper material selection is an essential issue.
Manuskriptversion von 2010