Type 2A von Willebrand disease and systemic sclerosis: Vonicog alfa reduced gastrointestinal bleeding
Citable Link (URL):http://resolver.sub.uni-goettingen.de/purl?gs-1/17696
Von Willebrand disease (VWD) is a bleeding disorder caused by qualitative or quantitative defects of von Willebrand factor (VWF). This case report of a patient with systemic sclerosis and gastrointestinal bleeding from angiodysplasias seeks to address the key clinical question of a useful diagnostic and therapeutic approach in this setting. The extent of vascular malformations and the frequency of bleeding episodes were unusually severe, and we reached a diagnosis of inherited type 2A VWD. After an insufficient effect of treatment with factor VIII (FVIII)/VWF, prophylactic administration of vonicog alfa, a recombinant VWF preparation without FVIII, was initiated. This therapy led to a substantial reduction of transfusion requirements and the improvement of angiodysplasias. In refractory gastrointestinal bleeding, hemostaseological evaluation is crucial, as inherited disorders of hemostasis may go unnoticed, especially in patients with underlying autoimmune diseases, where complications may be ascribed to the underlying disease.
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