Measuring ecosystem multifunctionality across scales
Hölting, Lisanne ; Jacobs, Sander ; Felipe-Lucia, María R. ; Maes, Joachim ; Norström, Albert V. ; Plieninger, Tobias ; Cord, Anna F.
Citable Link (URL):http://resolver.sub.uni-goettingen.de/purl?gs-1/17154
Environmental Research Letters Letter • The following article is OPEN ACCESS Measuring ecosystem multifunctionality across scales Lisanne Hölting1,7 , Sander Jacobs2, María R Felipe-Lucia1,3, Joachim Maes4, Albert V Norström5, Tobias Plieninger6 and Anna F Cord1 Published 19 December 2019 • © 2019 The Author(s). Published by IOP Publishing Ltd Environmental Research Letters, Volume 14, Number 12 Download Article PDF DownloadArticle ePub References Download PDF Download ePub 865 Total downloads Turn on MathJax Share this article Share this content via email Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Google+ Share on Mendeley Hide article information Author e-mails firstname.lastname@example.org Author affiliations 1 UFZ—Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Department of Computational Landscape Ecology, Permoserstraße 15, D-04318 Leipzig, Germany 2 Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO), Havenlaan 88 bus 73, D-1000 Brussel, Belgium 3 German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Deutscher Platz 5E, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany 4 European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Via E. Fermi, 2749, I-21027 Ispra (VA), Italy 5 Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden 6 University of Kassel, Faculty of Organic Agricultural Sciences and University of Göttingen, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Platz der Göttinger Sieben 5, D-37073 Göttingen, Germany 7 Author to whom any correspondence should be addressed. ORCID iDs Lisanne Hölting https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0867-7828 Sander Jacobs https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4674-4817 María R Felipe-Lucia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1915-8169 Joachim Maes https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8272-1607 Albert V Norström https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0706-9233 Tobias Plieninger https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1478-2587 Anna F Cord https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3183-8482 Dates Received 21 June 2019 Accepted 28 November 2019 Accepted Manuscript online 28 November 2019 Published 19 December 2019 Check for updates using Crossmark Peer review information Method: Single-blind Revisions: 2 Screened for originality? Yes Citation Lisanne Hölting et al 2019 Environ. Res. Lett. 14 124083 Create citation alert DOI https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ab5ccb Buy this article in print Journal RSS feed Sign up for new issue notifications Abstract Multifunctionality refers to the capacity of an area to supply multiple ecosystem functions or services. While many conceptual and methodological advances have focused on defining and quantifying multifunctionality, the challenge of dealing with cross-scale dynamics of multifunctionality remains open. This study proposes a new way of measuring multifunctionality across spatial scales, illustrated with a European-wide dataset of 18 ecosystem services. Our assessment captures not only the diversity of ecosystem services supplied within each municipality (alpha-multifunctionality), but also the unique contribution of each municipality to the regional ecosystem service diversity (beta-multifunctionality). This cross-scale analysis helps better understanding the spatial distribution of ecosystem services, which is required to design management and policies at the right scale. Our analysis shows that alpha-multifunctionality follows a latitudinal gradient across Europe and strongly decreases towards the city centers of metropolitan areas. By relating alpha- and beta-multifunctionality to land use intensity, we show that low-intensity management systems support higher ecosystem multifunctionality across Europe. Municipalities of low alpha-multifunctionality often contribute significantly to regional multifunctionality, by providing ecosystem services of a specific value to the region. Our method to measure both alpha- and beta-multifunctionality thus provides a new way to inform reconciliation of competing land uses when maximizing alpha-multifunctionality is not reasonable.