Pathway-, layer- and cell-type-specific thalamic input to mouse barrel cortex
Sermet, B .Semihcan ; Truschow, Pavel ; Feyerabend, Michael ; Mayrhofer, Johannes M. ; Oram, Tess B. ; Yizhar, Ofer ; Staiger, Jochen F. ; Petersen, Carl C.H.
Citable Link (URL):http://resolver.sub.uni-goettingen.de/purl?gs-1/17115
Mouse primary somatosensory barrel cortex (wS1) processes whisker sensory information, receiving input from two distinct thalamic nuclei. The first-order ventral posterior medial (VPM) somatosensory thalamic nucleus most densely innervates layer 4 (L4) barrels, whereas the higher-order posterior thalamic nucleus (medial part, POm) most densely innervates L1 and L5A. We optogenetically stimulated VPM or POm axons, and recorded evoked excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) in different cell-types across cortical layers in wS1. We found that excitatory neurons and parvalbumin-expressing inhibitory neurons received the largest EPSPs, dominated by VPM input to L4 and POm input to L5A. In contrast, somatostatin-expressing inhibitory neurons received very little input from either pathway in any layer. Vasoactive intestinal peptide-expressing inhibitory neurons received an intermediate level of excitatory input with less apparent layer-specificity. Our data help understand how wS1 neocortical microcircuits might process and integrate sensory and higher-order inputs.
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