Three planets around HD 27894
Trifonov, T. ; Kürster, M. ; Zechmeister, M. ; Zakhozhay, O. V. ; Reffert, S. ; Lee, M. H. ; Rodler, F. ; Vogt, S. S. et al.
Citable Link (URL):http://resolver.sub.uni-goettingen.de/purl?gs-1/16809
Aims. Our new program with HARPS aims to detect mean motion resonant planetary systems around stars which were previously reported to have a single bona fide planet, often based only on sparse radial velocity data. Methods. Archival and new HARPS radial velocities for the K2V star HD 27894 were combined and fitted with a three-planet self-consistent dynamical model. The best-fit orbit was tested for long-term stability. Results. We find clear evidence that HD 27894 is hosting at least three massive planets. In addition to the already known Jovian planet with a period Pb≈ 18 days we discover a Saturn-mass planet with Pc≈ 36 days, likely in a 2:1 mean motion resonance with the first planet, and a cold massive planet (≈5.3 MJup) with a period Pd ≈ 5170 days on a moderately eccentric orbit (ed = 0.39). Conclusions. HD 27894 is hosting a massive, eccentric giant planet orbiting around a tightly packed inner pair of massive planets likely involved in an asymmetric 2:1 mean motion resonance. HD 27894 may be an important milestone for probing planetary formation and evolution scenarios.