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Evolution of interdisciplinarity in biodiversity science

dc.contributor.authorCraven, Dylan
dc.contributor.authorWinter, Marten
dc.contributor.authorHotzel, Konstantin
dc.contributor.authorGaikwad, Jitendra
dc.contributor.authorEisenhauer, Nico
dc.contributor.authorHohmuth, Martin
dc.contributor.authorKönig‐Ries, Birgitta
dc.contributor.authorWirth, Christian
dc.date.accessioned2019-10-28T13:35:14Z
dc.date.available2019-10-28T13:35:14Z
dc.date.issued2019de
dc.relation.ISSN2045-7758de
dc.identifier.urihttp://resolver.sub.uni-goettingen.de/purl?gs-1/16547
dc.description.abstractThe study of biodiversity has grown exponentially in the last thirty years in response to demands for greater understanding of the function and importance of Earth's biodiversity and finding solutions to conserve it. Here, we test the hypothesis that biodiversity science has become more interdisciplinary over time. To do so, we analyze 97,945 peer‐reviewed articles over a twenty‐two‐year time period (1990–2012) with a continuous time dynamic model, which classifies articles into concepts (i.e., topics and ideas) based on word co‐occurrences. Using the model output, we then quantify different aspects of interdisciplinarity: concept diversity, that is, the diversity of topics and ideas across subdisciplines in biodiversity science, subdiscipline diversity, that is, the diversity of subdisciplines across concepts, and network structure, which captures interactions between concepts and subdisciplines. We found that, on average, concept and subdiscipline diversity in biodiversity science were either stable or declining, patterns which were driven by the persistence of rare concepts and subdisciplines and a decline in the diversity of common concepts and subdisciplines, respectively. Moreover, our results provide evidence that conceptual homogenization, that is, decreases in temporal β concept diversity, underlies the observed trends in interdisciplinarity. Together, our results reveal that biodiversity science is undergoing a dynamic phase as a scientific discipline that is consolidating around a core set of concepts. Our results suggest that progress toward addressing the biodiversity crisis via greater interdisciplinarity during the study period may have been slowed by extrinsic factors, such as the failure to invest in research spanning across concepts and disciplines. However, recent initiatives such as the Intergovernmental Science‐Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) may attract broader support for biodiversity‐related issues and hence interdisciplinary approaches to address scientific, political, and societal challenges in the coming years.de
dc.description.sponsorshipOpen-Access-Publikationsfonds 2019
dc.language.isoengde
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/677232/EU//ECOWORMde
dc.rightsopenAccess
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectbibliographic analysis, biodiversity, conceptual homogenization, interdisciplinarity, topic modelsde
dc.subject.ddc570
dc.titleEvolution of interdisciplinarity in biodiversity sciencede
dc.typejournalArticlede
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/ece3.5244
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionde
dc.relation.pISSN2045-7758
dc.relation.eISSN2045-7758
dc.bibliographicCitation.volume9de
dc.bibliographicCitation.issue12de
dc.bibliographicCitation.firstPage6744de
dc.bibliographicCitation.lastPage6755de
dc.type.subtypejournalArticle
dc.identifier.pmid31327991
dc.description.statuspeerReviewedde
dc.bibliographicCitation.journalEcology and Evolutionde


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