Targeting of LRRC59 to the Endoplasmic Reticulum and the Inner Nuclear Membrane.
Citable Link (URL):http://resolver.sub.uni-goettingen.de/purl?gs-1/15837
LRRC59 (leucine-rich repeat-containing protein 59) is a tail-anchored protein with a single transmembrane domain close to its C-terminal end that localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the nuclear envelope. Here, we investigate the mechanisms of membrane integration of LRRC59 and its targeting to the inner nuclear membrane (INM). Using purified microsomes, we show that LRRC59 can be post-translationally inserted into ER-derived membranes. The TRC-pathway, a major route for post-translational membrane insertion, is not required for LRRC59. Like emerin, another tail-anchored protein, LRRC59 reaches the INM, as demonstrated by rapamycin-dependent dimerization assays. Using different approaches to inhibit importin α/β-dependent nuclear import of soluble proteins, we show that the classic nuclear transport machinery does not play a major role in INM-targeting of LRRC59. Instead, the size of the cytoplasmic domain of LRRC59 is an important feature, suggesting that targeting is governed by passive diffusion.