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The Earliest Balance Weights in the West: Towards an Independent Metrology for Bronze Age Europe

dc.contributor.authorIalongo, Nicola
dc.date.accessioned2018-12-07T08:13:14Z
dc.date.available2018-12-07T08:13:14Z
dc.date.issued2018de
dc.identifier.urihttp://resolver.sub.uni-goettingen.de/purl?gs-1/15723
dc.description.abstractWeighing devices are the earliest material correlates of the rational quantification of economic value, and they yield great potential in the study of trade in pre-literate societies. However, the knowledge of European Bronze Age metrology is still underdeveloped in comparison to Eastern Mediterranean regions, mostly due to the lack of a proper scientific debate. This paper introduces a theoretical and methodological framework for the study of standard weight-systems in pre-literate societies, and tests it on a large sample of potential balance weights distributed between Southern Italy and Central Europe during the Bronze Age (second–early first millennium bc). A set of experimental expectations is defined on the basis of comparisons with ancient texts, archaeological cases and modern behaviour. Concurrent typological, use-wear, statistical and contextual analyses allow to cross-check the evidence against the expectations, and to validate the balance-weight hypothesis for the sample under analysis. The paper urges a reappraisal of an independent weight metrology for Bronze Age Europe, based on adequate methodologies and a critical perspective.de
dc.language.isoengde
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/648055/EU//WEIGHTANDVALUEde
dc.rightsopenAccess
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectbronze age; europede
dc.subject.ddc100
dc.titleThe Earliest Balance Weights in the West: Towards an Independent Metrology for Bronze Age Europede
dc.typejournalArticlede
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S0959774318000392
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionde
dc.relation.pISSN0959-7743
dc.relation.eISSN1474-0540
dc.bibliographicCitation.firstPage1de
dc.bibliographicCitation.lastPage22de
dc.type.subtypejournalArticle
dc.description.statuspeerReviewedde
dc.bibliographicCitation.journalCambridge Archaeological Journalde


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