Essential Function of the Serine Hydroxymethyl Transferase (SHMT) Gene During Rapid Syncytial Cell Cycles in Drosophila.
Zitierfähiger Link (URL): http://resolver.sub.uni-goettingen.de/purl?gs-1/14608
Many metabolic enzymes are evolutionarily highly conserved and serve a central function in the catabolism and anabolism of cells. The serine hydroxymethyl transferase (SHMT) catalyzing the conversion of serine and glycine and vice versa feeds into tetrahydrofolate (THF)-mediated C1 metabolism. We identified a Drosophila mutation in SHMT (CG3011) in a screen for blastoderm mutants. Embryos from SHMT mutant germline clones specifically arrest the cell cycle in interphase 13 at the time of the midblastula transition (MBT) and prior to cellularization. The phenotype is due to a loss of enzymatic activity as it cannot be rescued by an allele with a point mutation in the catalytic center but by an allele based on the SHMT coding sequence from Escherichia coli The onset of zygotic gene expression and degradation of maternal RNAs in SHMT mutant embryos are largely similar to that in wild-type embryos. The specific timing of the defects in SHMT mutants indicates that at least one of the SHMT-dependent metabolites becomes limiting in interphase 13, if it is not produced by the embryo. Our data suggest that mutant eggs contain maternally-provided and SHMT-dependent metabolites in amounts that suffice for early development until interphase 13.
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