Cooperativity in Alcohol–Nitrogen Complexes: Understanding Cryomatrices through Slit Jet Expansions
Citable Link (URL):http://resolver.sub.uni-goettingen.de/purl?gs-1/14477
FTIR spectroscopy of supersonic expansions is used to characterize alcohol dimers with one, two, and several nitrogen molecules attached to them. The nitrogen coating causes progressive spectral downshifts of the OH stretching fundamentals which are related to and explain matrix isolation shifts. Comparison of methanol, tert-butyl alcohol and ethanol as well as deuteration of methanol assist in the assignment. Alcohol monomers and trimers are significantly more resistant to nitrogen coating due to a lack of cooperativity and dangling bonds, respectively. In the case of ethanol, the role of conformational isomerism and combination bands is further elucidated. The experimental findings help rationalize the anomalously small OH stretching dimerization shift of methanol in the gas phase, in comparison to that of tert-butyl alcohol.