Thermal stability of processed PVC/bamboo blends: effect of compounding procedures
Zitierfähiger Link (URL): http://resolver.sub.uni-goettingen.de/purl?gs-1/14363
Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) was mixed with bamboo (Bambusa vulgaris) particle and additives by using PVC composite manufacturing system including initial dry blending with hot-cool mixing, followed by granulation via counter-rotating extrusion, and then consolidation by compression moulding to produce compression moulded board (CMB). The effects of different bamboo particle size (75 µm and 1 mm), bamboo particle loading (25 and 50% loading ratio), and differing processing lubricants content level (compositions 1 and 2) on the thermal stability of the composites were determined. Results show no significant trends in glass transition temperature (Tg) between dry blends, granules, and CMB, and between B. vulgaris particle loading at the respective processing steps. For samples with higher lubricant contents, the PVC Tg was observed to decrease up to 5 °C, possibly due to the reduced melt viscosity. The thermal decomposition temperature at 5% mass loss (T−5%) appeared to decrease from dry blend to CMB due to sample degradation on further processing at higher temperatures. The use of 50% B. vulgaris particle loading also reduced the T−5% values, assignable to bamboo particle degradation caused by the high processing temperatures. For oxidative induction time (OIT) testing, only granules and CMB from pure PVC composites system showed measurable oxidative times compared with OIT profiles of PVC/B. vulgaris composites system, suggestive of comparatively stabilized thermoplastic composites. This revealed that processing with bamboo particles does not contribute to degradation of PVC composites.