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Survey of maize from south-western Nigeria for zearalenone, alpha- and beta-zearalenols, fumonisin B1 and enniatins produced by Fusarium species.

dc.contributor.authorAdejumo, T. O.
dc.contributor.authorHettwer, U.
dc.contributor.authorKarlovsky, P.
dc.date.accessioned2014-10-01T13:56:51Z
dc.date.available2014-10-01T13:56:51Z
dc.date.issued2007-09-01
dc.identifier.citationAdejumo, T O; Hettwer, U; Karlovsky, P (2007): Survey of maize from south-western Nigeria for zearalenone, alpha- and beta-zearalenols, fumonisin B1 and enniatins produced by Fusarium species. - Food additives and contaminants, Vol. 24, Nr. 9, p. 993-1000
dc.relation.ISSN0265-203X
dc.identifier.urihttp://resolver.sub.uni-goettingen.de/purl?gs-1/10954
dc.description.abstractA survey for the natural occurrence of Fusarium mycotoxins in maize for human consumption in four south-western states of Nigeria using High Performance Liquid Chromatography coupled with Mass Spectroscopy (HPLC/MS) showed that 93.4% of the samples were contaminated with zearalenone (ZON), alpha- and beta-zearalenols (alpha- and beta-ZOL), fumonisin B(1) (FB(1)) or enniatins (ENNs). The fractions of contaminated samples were 73% for FB(1) (mean:117 microg kg(-1), range:10-760 microg kg(-1)); 57% for ZON (mean:49 microg kg(-1), range:115-779 microg kg(-1)) and 13% for alpha-ZOL (mean: 63.6 microg kg(-1), range:32-181 microg kg(-1)), while ENNs A1, B and B(1) were present in 3, 7 and 3% of the samples respectively. There was no beta-ZOL present above the quantification limits of 50 microg kg(-1). Only the FB(1) content was significantly different at the 95% confidence level among the four states. The Fusarium species most frequently isolated from maize seeds were F. verticillioides (70%), followed by F. sporotrichioides (42%), F. graminearum (30%), F. pallidoroseum (15%), F. compactum (12%), F. proliferatum (12%), F. equiseti (9%), F. acuminatum (8%) and F. subglutinans (4%). This is the first report of the occurrence of alpha-zearalenol and enniatins in Nigerian maize.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.rightsopenAccess
dc.subjectFumonisin B1; zearalenone; enniatins, maize, Nigeria
dc.subject.meshAnti-Infective Agents
dc.subject.meshCarcinogens, Environmental
dc.subject.meshChromatography, High Pressure Liquid
dc.subject.meshData Collection
dc.subject.meshDepsipeptides
dc.subject.meshEstrogens, Non-Steroidal
dc.subject.meshFood Contamination
dc.subject.meshFumonisins
dc.subject.meshFusarium
dc.subject.meshHumans
dc.subject.meshMycotoxins
dc.subject.meshNigeria
dc.subject.meshSeeds
dc.subject.meshZea mays
dc.subject.meshZearalenone
dc.subject.meshZeranol
dc.titleSurvey of maize from south-western Nigeria for zearalenone, alpha- and beta-zearalenols, fumonisin B1 and enniatins produced by Fusarium species.
dc.typejournalArticle
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/02652030701317285
dc.type.versionsubmittedVersion
dc.identifier.fs342211
dc.bibliographicCitation.volume24
dc.bibliographicCitation.issue9
dc.bibliographicCitation.firstPage993
dc.bibliographicCitation.lastPage1000
dc.type.subtypejournalArticle
dc.identifier.pmid17691013
dc.description.statuspeerReviewed
dc.bibliographicCitation.journalFood additives and contaminants


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