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Osteopenia due to enhanced cathepsin K release by BK channel ablation in osteoclasts.

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Sausbier, Ulrike; Dullin, Christian; Missbach-Guentner, Jeannine; Kabagema, Clement; Flockerzie, Katarina; Kuscher, Gerd Marten; Stuehmer, Walter; Neuhuber, Winfried; Ruth, Peter; Alves, Frauke; Sausbier, Matthias (2011): Osteopenia due to enhanced cathepsin K release by BK channel ablation in osteoclasts. - PloS one; Vol. 6, No. 6, e21168

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Verlagspublikation: 10.1371/journal.pone.0021168

 
Author: Sausbier, Ulrike; Dullin, Christian; Missbach-Guentner, Jeannine; Kabagema, Clement; Flockerzie, Katarina; Kuscher, Gerd Marten; Stuehmer, Walter; Neuhuber, Winfried; Ruth, Peter; Alves, Frauke; Sausbier, Matthias
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The process of bone resorption by osteoclasts is regulated by Cathepsin K, the lysosomal collagenase responsible for the degradation of the organic bone matrix during bone remodeling. Recently, Cathepsin K was regarded as a potential target for therapeutic intervention of osteoporosis. However, mechanisms leading to osteopenia, which is much more common in young female population and often appears to be the clinical pre-stage of idiopathic osteoporosis, still remain to be elucidated, and molecular targets need to be identified. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We found, that in juvenile bone the large conductance, voltage and Ca(2+)-activated (BK) K(+) channel, which links membrane depolarization and local increases in cytosolic calcium to hyperpolarizing K(+) outward currents, is exclusively expressed in osteoclasts. In juvenile BK-deficient (BK(-/-)) female mice, plasma Cathepsin K levels were elevated two-fold when compared to wild-type littermates. This increase was linked to an osteopenic phenotype with reduced bone mineral density in long bones and enhanced porosity of trabecular meshwork in BK(-/-) vertebrae as demonstrated by high-resolution flat-panel volume computed tomography and micro-CT. However, plasma levels of sRANKL, osteoprotegerin, estrogene, Ca(2+) and triiodthyronine as well as osteoclastogenesis were not altered in BK(-/-) females. CONCLUSION/SIGNIFICANCE: Our findings suggest that the BK channel controls resorptive osteoclast activity by regulating Cathepsin K release. Targeted deletion of BK channel in mice resulted in an osteoclast-autonomous osteopenia, becoming apparent in juvenile females. Thus, the BK(-/-) mouse-line represents a new model for juvenile osteopenia, and revealed the BK channel as putative new target for therapeutic controlling of osteoclast activity.
URI: http://resolver.sub.uni-goettingen.de/purl?gs-1/7820
Date: 2011
Umfang: 12 Seiten

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